Country at a glance:
- Capital: Tashkent
- Size: 448,978 km2
- Population: 30.3 mln (2016)
- United Nations country profile
Uzbekistan and the EU:
The EU and Uzbekistan have steadily strengthened their relations since the country’s independence in 1991. The relationship is based on the 1996 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA), which extended cooperation from development to political affairs, trade and economics. The EU opened its diplomatic representation in Tashkent in 2011.
Under the PCA, the EU and Uzbekistan hold regular political meetings and cooperate on trade, investment, intellectual property, legislation, human rights, culture, development and the fight against illegal immigration.
For the period 2014-2020, financial aid for Uzbekistan amounts to €168 million, which represents a 124 % increase compared to the 2007-2013 period. Under the Multi-Annual Indicative Programme, EU development assistance for Uzbekistan between 2014 and 2020 is concentrated on rural development. Goals include poverty reduction and wealth creation in rural communities, the improvement of quality of life, living standards and food security of people residing in isolated or sparsely populated areas, and the protection of natural resources.
This rural aid goes beyond the traditional focus on agriculture as it supports income- and employment-generating investments in village infrastructure, local cooperatives, family farms and micro and small-sized enterprises. Rural development interventions may also include sustainable energy, improvement of water, sanitation and irrigation systems in rural areas and measures to increase resilience to climate change and natural or man-made disasters.
Uzbekistan's initiatives on environment, climate change and water:
Uzbekistan has not signed the Paris Agreement. As a party to the Kyoto Protocol, Uzbekistan is implementing several projects on climate change mitigation, including the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). In Uzbekistan the Programme of Action on Nature Protection includes projects on environmental protection and safety, rational use of natural resources and on the introduction of environment- friendly methods of economic activity and management, on streamlining the legislative framework and the development of environmental research, education and training, international cooperation and regional environmental safety.
The Ecological movement also functions in the country bringing together more than 250 non-profit NGOs working in the fields of environment and health. It has 15 seats in the National Parliament.