Country at a glance:
- Capital: Astana
- Size: 2,724,902 km2
- Population: 17.8 mln (2016)
- United Nations country profile
Kazakhstan and the EU:
The European Union and Kazakhstan have been partners since the country's independence, sharing a dialogue which has continually expanded. In the early years of cooperation this dialogue initially focused on trade and investment, but since 2002 many important issues have been included, such as Energy, Transport, as well as Justice, Home Affairs and political dialogue in issues of common concern.
The main document, underpinning the EU partnership with Kazakhstan, is the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA), which was signed in 1995 and came into force in 1999.
At the regional level, Kazakhstan is a priority country within the European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership. On 20 January 2015, the EU-Kazakhstan Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA) was initialed in Brussels. On 21 December 2015, the EPCA was signed in Astana. The EPCA is an important milestone to further advance relations and strengthen the EU and its Member States’ cooperation with Kazakhstan. Within the framework of the EPCA, Kazakhstan is eligible to receive financial and technical assistance from the EU through a set of legal instruments.
Source: Delegation of the EU to Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan's initiatives on environment, climate change and water:
Kazakhstan signed and ratified the Paris Agreement. The country aims to achieve the transition to low-emission and climate-resilient economy.
The Government adopted the Strategy "Kazakhstan-2050", Concept to join the top 30 developed countries, Green Economy Concept, as well as the National Plan "100 positive steps", all of them providing institutional and legal framework for implementation of the country's commitments to environmental protection and adaptation to the climate change. Kazakhstan's Green Economy Concept of 2013 proposes a comprehensive set of sustainable- development initiatives in water management, agriculture, energy efficiency, power sector, air pollution, and waste recycling.